Part III Listening Comprehension
Listening Comprehension nutes)
Would you trust a robot to park your car? The question will confront New Yorkers in February as the city's first robotic parking opens in Chinatown。
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 shortconversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one ormore questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and thequestions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause.During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A)， B)， C) and D)， anddecide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single linethrough the centre。
The technology has been successfully applied overseas, but the only other public robotic garage in the United States has been troublesome, dropping vehicles and trapping cars because of technical problems。
Nonetheless, the developers of the Chinatown garage are confident with the technology and are counting on it to squeeze 67 cars in an apartment-building basement that would otherwise fit only 24, accomplished by removing a maneuver space normally required。
M: Look atthese low prices at these fashionable TV sets. Something is fishy, don’t you think so?
A human-shaped robot won't be stepping into your car to drive it. Rather, the garage itself does the parking. The driver stops the car on a flat platform and gets out. The platform is lowered into the garage, and it is then transported to a vacant parking space by a computer-controlled device similar to an elevator that also runs sideways。
W: Well, there have been a lot of robberiesrecently. Some of the stolen goods may have landed here。
There is no human supervision, but an attendant will be on hand to accept cash and explain the system to newly users. Parking rates will be attracted about $400 monthly or $25 per day, according to Ari Milstein, the director of planning for Automation Parking Systems, which is the U.S. subsidiary of a German company. This company has built automated garages in several countries overseas and in the United States for residents of a Washington, D.C. apartment building。
Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard。
Q: Whatdoes the woman imply about the low price television sets?
26. What do we learn about the robot parking in the U.S. so far?
M: I’ve beenassigned to cover the governess speech today. What about you?
27. What advantage does robotic parking have according to the developers?
W: Nothing is grand as yours. I have to do an interview for the evening newsabout a man
28. What does the attendant do in the automated garage?
with dozens of cats。
29. What does the company say about the parking rate?
Q: What do we learn about the speakers?
3. W: Didn’t I see you going into the administrationbuilding this afternoon?
M: I needed to switch my computer class to the950 section。
A recent study shows that meat consumption is one of the main ways that human can damage the environment, second only to the use of motor vehicles. So how can eating meat have a negative effect on the environment? For a start, all animals, such as cows, pigs and sheep, always gas limed methane, which is the second most common green house gas after carbon dioxide. Many environmental experts now believe that methane is more responsible for global warming than carbon dioxide. It is estimated that 25% of all methane that released into the atmosphere coming from farm animals. Another way in which meat production affects the environment is through the use of water and land. 2,500 gallons of water are needed to produce one pound of beef. While 20 gallons of water are need to produce one pound of wheat. One acre of farmland use to for raising cows can produce 250 pounds of beef. One acre of farmland use to for crop production can produce 1,500 pounds of tomatoes. Many people now say the benefits of switching to vegetarian diet which excludes meat and fish. Not just for health reasons, but also because it plays a vital role in protecting the environment. However, some nutritionists advise against switching to a totally strict vegetarian diet. They believe such a diet which includes no products from animal sources can be deficient in many of the necessary vitamins and minerals our bodies need. Today many people have come to realize that help the environment and for the human race to survive, more of us will need to become vegetarian。
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you've just heard。
4. W: I guess you watch the quiz showon television last night. What did you think about it?
30. What does the recent study show?
M: Well, it’s great. The first four contestants won onlysmall prizes, but the fifth left with a
31. What do some nutritionists say about the strict vegetarian diet?
new luxury car。
32. What does the speaker think more people need to do?
Q: What does the man say about the quiz show?
5. W: I can’t find the arrival time of the New York toBoston Express on this schedule。
M: Look for New York in the left-hand column andfollow it across until you find the hour
Alcoholism is a serious disease. Nearly nine million Americans alone suffer from the illness. Many scientists disagree about what the differences are between the alcohol addict and social drinker. The difference occurs when someone needs to drink. And this need gets in the way of his health or behavior. Alcohol causes a loss of judgment and alertness. After a long period, alcoholism can deteriorate the liver, the brain and other parts of the body. The illness is dangerous, because it is involved in half of all automobile accidents. Another problem is that the victim often denies being an alcohol addict and won’t get help. Solutions do exist. Many hospitals and centers help patients cope. Without the assistance, the victim can destroy his life. He would detach himself from the routines of life. He may lose his employment, home or loved ones。
listed in the Boston column。
All the causes of the sickness are not discovered yet. There is no standard for a person with alcoholism. Victims range in age, race, sex and background. Some groups of people are more vulnerable to the illness. People from broken homes and North American Indians are two examples. People from broken homes often lack stable lives. Indians likewise had the traditional life taken from them by white settlers who often encourage them to consume alcohol to prevent them from fighting back. The problem has now been passed on. Alcoholism is clearly present in society today. People have started to get help and information. With proper assistance, victims can put their lives together one day。
Q: What are the speakers most probably doing?
Question 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard。
6. W: You look different today, but Ican’t quiteput my finger on what it is。
Q33. What is the problem of the victims about alcoholism according to the speaker?
M: Oh, yesterday I finally got around to thatnew barbershop in the mall and enjoyed their
Q34. Why did white settlers introduce alcohol to Indians?
Q35. What does the speaker seem to believe about those affected by alcoholism?
Q: What can be inferred about the man?
7. W: What do you think Picasso’s painting exhibited in the city museum?
M: Personally I can’t quite see the meaning in his modern works.Most of them remind me of
the stuff my nephew brings home from thekindergarten。
Q: What does the man mean?
8. W: Rod said he wanted to get involvedin student government this year。
M: But he hasn’t gone through a single meeting, has he?
Q: What does the man imply about Rod?
M：Good morning! Madam.Can I help you?
W: Oh, I do hope so. I have to get to Manchestertoday and my own car has broken down. Do
you by any chance have a car available?
M：For how many days? Madam。
W: Three, just until the weekend。
M: And what sort of car did you have in mind?
W: Well. That depends a little bit on the price.But I normally drive a Chevrolet. Do you have
anything like that?
M: Yes, Certainly. That’s group C which includes Chevrolet andsea-arrows。
W: How much are they?
M: Well, for three days, you would have to haveit under the unlimited mileage conditions,
whichwill work out cheaper for Manchester anyway. Let’s see, Group C, three to five
days hire with unlimited mileage is 53 poundsper day。
W: I see. Does that include everything?
M: It Includes third party insurance, but it’s not include value-added tax, patrol or CDW。
M: CDW? Oh, that’s the cover you in case you damage the hire car.Third party insurance only covers you for damage two another vehicle. For GroupC cars is 6 pounds per day。
W: OK. I think I’ll have the Chevrolet。
M: All right. Could I have your driving licenseplease?
W: Certainly. Here we are。
M:So, it’s Ms. JB. Couty。
M:And the number is 509024bc9cs, expiring the1st,July,2015.And you want to take it immediately?
W:Yes, I do ,please。
M: Lovely. Well you could just initial that boxthere for the CDW. And that box there to confirm you have known drivingconvictions, thank you, and then sign there. Great! That’s it!
Questions9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard。
Q9:Why doesthe woman want to hire a car?
Q10:What is the woman’s main consideration in hiring a car?
Q11:What does the daily charge included?
Inthis section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, youwill hear some questions. Both the passages and the questions will be spokenonly once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from thefour choices marked A)， B)， C) and D ). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single linethrough the centre。
In a study of older people with sisters andbrothers, psychologist Debra Gold of the Duke Center for the study of aging andhuman development found that about 20% said they were hostile or indifferent toward their sisters and brothers. Reasons for this ranged from inheritancedisputes to hostility between spouses. But, many of those who had poorrelationships felt guilty. Although most people admitted to some lingeringrivalry, it was rarely strong enough to end the relationship. Only four out ofthe 54 people interviewed had completely broken with their sisters and brothersand only one of the four felt comfortable with the break. As sisters andbrothers advanced into old age, closeness increases and rivalry diminishes,explains VC, a psychologist at Purdue University. Most of the elderly people heinterviewed said they had supportive and friendly dealings and got along wellor very well with their sisters and brothers. Only 4% got along poorly. Goldfound that as people age, they often become more involved with and interestedin their sisters and brothers. 53% of those she interviewed said that contactwith their sisters and brothers increase innate adulthood. With family andcareer obligations reduced, many said that they had more time for each other.Others said that they felted with time to heal wounds. A man who had recentlyreconciled with his brother told Gold there’s something that lets older people to put asidebad deeds of the past and focus a little on what we need now, especially whenit’s sistersand brothers。
16. What does the study by Debra Gold find about older people?
17. What has probably caused closeness to increase among sisters and brothersaccording to VC?
18. What did the man who had recently reconciled with his brother tell DebraGold about older people?
Monarch butterflies, the large origin blackinsects, are common summer sights in northern United States and Canada. Theybrighten in parks and gardens as they fly among the flowers. What makes monarchbutterflies particularly interesting is they migrate, all the way to Californiaor Mexico in back. They are thought to be the only insect that does this. Everyyear in the late summer, monarch begin their migration to the south, thoseheading for Mexico go first for the Louisiana Mississippi region. And then theyfly to go across Mexico into Texas. Once in Mexico, they establish themselvesin one of about 15 sizes in the mountain forth. Each side provides the winterhome for millions of monarchs. The butterflies are so numerous that they oftencover the entire trees. When spring comes, they began their long journey north.The question is often asked whether every butterfly makes the round tripjourney every year. And the answer is no. The average monarch lives about ninemonth. So when fly the north, they might lay eggs in Louisiana and die. Theeggs of that following generation may be found in Kentucky, the eggs of nextgeneration may be in the Kang Michigan. The last generation of the season aboutthe forth may make the journey back in Mexico and restart the cycle. Scientistslearn about the monarch butterflies’ migration by capturing and placing theidentifying tags in the insects. By recapturing the attempt of the monarch andnoting where they came from, the next scientist can figure out things likebutterfly’s age andits routing
19. What is the unique about the monarch butterfly according to the speaker?
20. Where does the butterfly settle at the end of the migration?
21. What does the speaker say about the monarch butterflies’ reproduction?
22. What is the talk mainly about?
People nowadays seem to have the sense thattheir time has become more limited. Compared with early generations we spendmore and more time working and have less and less free time to engage inleisure pursues. But this premise turns out to be an illusion. the mostcomprehensive data from major Time Use Service suggests, if anything, Americanstoday have more free time than the early generations. The number of hours wework has not changed much, but we spend less time now on home tasks. So we havea great amount of time for leisure than in decades past. so why do we feel liketime so scare. One problem is that time becomes more valuable and time becomesmore worth money. we feel like we have less of it. workers who bill or get paidby the hour, think employer and fast-food workers, report focusing more onpursuing more money than those who get paid by salary and the fact has beenfast. In one experiment, people were told to play the role of consultant andbill their time by either nine dollars an hour or ninety dollars an hour. Whenpeople billed their time by ninety dollars an hour they report feeling far morepriced for time. Thinking about our time as money, changes are our behavior aswell. in one study, people who were instructed to think about money beforeentering a cafe spent less times chatting with the other patrons and more timeworking. Those who are thinking their time did reverse spending time socializinginstead of working。
23. What does the speaker say now people feel about time?
24. What do the data from time use service show?
25. What happen when we think our time about our as money?
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times.When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully forits general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you arerequired to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard.Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what youhave written。
The first copy right law in the United Stateswas passed by congress in 1790. In 1976, congress enacted the latest copy rightlaw, taking into consideration the technological developments that had occurredsince the passage of the copy right act of 1909. For example, in 1909 anyonewho wanted to make a single copy of a literary work for personal use had to doso by hand. The very process imposed a limitation on the quantity of materials copied.Today, a photo copier can do the work in seconds. The limitation hasdisappeared. The 1909 Law did not provide full protection for films and soundrecordings nor did it anticipate the need to protect radio and television. As aresult, violations of the law and abuses of the intent of the law have lessenedthe financial rewards of authors, artists and producers. The 1976 copy rightact has not prevented these abuses fully, but it has clarified the legal rightsof the injured parties and given them an avenue for remedy. Since 1976 the acthas been amended to include computer software and guidelines have been adoptedfor fair use of television broadcasts. These changes have cleared up much ofthe confusion and conflict that followed in the wake of 1976 legislation. Thefine points of the law are decided by the courts and by acceptable commonpractice overtime. As these decisions and agreements are made, we modify ourbehavior accordingly. For now, we need to interpret the law and its guidelinesas accurately as we can and to act in a fair manner。