2014年6月四级听力原文复合式听写

  新浪教育[微博]讯:2014年6月14日全国大学英语四级考试已结束,本次考试为多题多卷,新浪外语第一时间收集整理不同版本试题及参考答案,供考生参考,以下是2014年6月英语四级听力原文复合式听写(沪江版):

Although we may not realize it when we talk with others we make ourselves understood not only by words.

  Among the kinds of social gestures most significant for second language teachers, are those which are identical in form, but different in meaning in the two cultures. For example, a Columbian who wants someone to approach him often signals with a hand movement, in which all the fingers of one hand cupped point downward as they move rapidly back and forth. Speakers of English have a similar gesture, though the hand may not be cupped and the fingers may be held more loosely. But for them, the gesture means "goodbye" or "go away", quite the opposite of the Columbian gesture. Again in Columbia, a speaker of English would have to know that when he indicates height, he must choose between different gestures depending on whether he is referring to a human being or an animal. If he keeps the palm of the hand parallel to the floor, as he would in his own culture when making known the height of a child for example, he will very likely be greeted by laughter. In Columbia, this gesture is reserved for the description of animals. In order to describe human beings, he should keep the palm of his hand at a right angle to the floor. Substitutions of one gesture for the other often create not only humorous but also embarrassing moments. In both of the examples above, speakers from two different cultures have the same gesture physically, but its meaning differs sharply。

We send messages to the people around us also by expressions and body movements.we call it "body language ",which is a kind of communication,noverbal communication.

Some gestures are accepted both by Chinese and Americans as having the same meanings.for example,A smile and handshake show welcome ,Waving one's hand is to say"goodbye",nodding the head means agreement,while shaking it means disgreement .Putting up a hand means"May I ask a question?".Kissing means"love".

Because culture influences communication.Different country has different culture.So the way people in different countries communicate is different And the gesture of putting a hand on a person' neck is different for Chinese and Americans.For Chinese,it is to say"someone will be killed".For Americans,it shows"I'm full” .And in Thailand,If you want to signal a person to come near,you should move the fingers back and forth with palm down should attract our attention. .

All above show that it is important to know the meaning of gestures

.So we can communicate with them in a correct way,not only by words,but also by body language.I think that it is important in our lives to show and learn body language ..

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