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  距离2015考研[微博]还有60余天,考研复习进入了最后冲刺阶段,新东方在线[微博]考研英语教研室建议大家这一阶段不仅要坚持练习真题,更要开始加重大、小作文的练习力度。

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  但新东方在线考研写作辅导专家王江涛提醒大家,英语写作的短时提分,主要是靠写作技巧,而不是纯粹的写作能力的提高,比如在道长考研英语写作白金单项班及道长考研英语(二)写作白金单项班中,主要从写作技巧的角度为大家阐释如何写作,争取到能力范围内最高的分数,所谓应试,要效率就必须采用这样的学习思路。

《大学英语六级考试大纲》规定,作文部分考试时间为30分钟,考生应按要求完成一篇150到200词的短文,所占分值为15%。要求内容切题、能正确地表达思想、语义连贯、文章基本通顺、无重大语法错误。写作形式多样,如图画作文、根据所给文章(英语或汉语)写摘要或大意、根据所给题目、关键词、主题句或提纲等进行写作。

  写作类型

4大作文类型及高分模板

  首先,根据作文内容可将其分为10大类。其实从文章功能来看,我们可把这10大类文章归为三种类型:解决问题、论证观点、阐述现象。其中第一类具有解决问题功能的短文包括了:1、身体健康类;2、职业道德类;3、人口增长类;4、环境保护类;第二类具有论证观点功能的短文包括了:5、情感类;6、人生价值类;第三类具有阐述现象功能的短文包括了:7、文化交流类;8、教育类;9、家庭关系类;10、社会热点类。

近几年的六级作文真题从题材上来看,主要可以分为校园生活类、学习类和社会热点话题类;从体裁上来看,大致可以分为议论文和应用文,而议论文写作又可以分为现象阐释型、对比选择型、观点论证型和问题解决型。其中,应用文写作近几年基本没有考查,在此不再赘述。以下是四大类型的议论文常用的写作模式和高分模板。

  其次,除了以上三项常考功能模板,我们还将在本部分的最后列出两个具有对比论证功能的模板。虽然自从1997 年以来的历年短文题目中没有出现要求进行对比论证的话题,但是考生仍然应该有所准备。

现象阐释型

  最后,新东方在线全国研究生入学考试研究中心为大家准备了以下作文模板,供大家参考学习。

这类作文多为提纲式作文或图表式作文,要求考生对某一社会现象进行描述,分析该现象产生的原因,并加以评论。

  功能I:解决问题

写作模式

  这种类型的文章主要针对一些实际的问题分析其原因和后果,最后提出解决的措施。一般情况下三段的分布为:第一段描述图画内容,第二段分析问题所在,第三段提出解决方案。

第一段描述现象;

  1、身体健康类

第二段解释这种现象产生或存在的原因;

  The picture . What is strikingly noticeable is , but it can be easily explained by shown in the picture。

第三段提出解决问题的建议或总结观点。

  The discern able unhealthiness discloses a prevalent phenomenon that has long existed in the China’s . One the one hand, . On the other hand, . As a result, the integration of poor living conditions and work pressure leads naturally to their poor health and short life-span, just as the picture tells us。

高分模板

  The situation is rather depressing because , and it is largely owing to . To solve the problem, I think there should be a thriving social trend , and those who should be rewarded with good living and working conditions。

① In recent years, ______ has/have been prevailing among.

  2、职业道德类

② A number of factors can account for such phenomenon, but the following might be the critical ones. ③ First and foremost, ______. ④ Moreover, ______. ⑤ Undoubtedly, ______. ⑥ Firstly, ______. ⑦ Secondly, ______. ⑧ In my view, ______. ⑨ To begin with, ______. ⑩ What’s more, ______. ⑪ Only ______.

  We can see from the picture that , but 。

① 开门见山,阐明某一普遍现象。

365游戏官方网站,  If , he would surely express . There are three reasons to explain why it happens to . Firstly, , which resulted from . Secondly, though , . Consequently, . Thirdly, 。

② 引出造成这种现象的关键原因。

  I maintain that effective measures should be taken to put an end to this phenomenon. Firstly, we need to endeavor to advocate . Secondly, strict regulations should be enacted and enforced to create a harmonious and orderly society. Only through the combined efforts can we eliminate this “tumor” forcefully and completely。

③④ 逐条阐释原因,条理清晰,层次分明。

  3、人口增长类

⑤ 承上启下,引出这种现象造成的后果。

  The picture depicts a scene in which . The scene is presented in an artistic and ironic manner. Crowds of people are crammed in . Further examination reveals that 。

⑥⑦ 通过结构衔接词具体阐释两种后果。

  Apparently, the picture symbolizes that humans, with such a huge population, may one day suffer from the exhaustion of earth resources. Take for example. Given the fact that , we find that . To make it worse, 。

⑧ 表述自己的观点。

  If the conflict between population boom and shortage of resources is not properly controlled, we have every reason to hold a pessimistic perspective towards human’s future on Earth. Perhaps eventually we would face the situation suggested by the picture, that is, . Accordingly, I strongly recommend that the whole globe launch aggressive programs to address this fatal contradiction。

⑨⑩ 逐项阐明自己的观点。

  4、环境保护类

⑪ 使用倒装结构进行总结或提出建议。

  This is a very interesting piece of cartoon, in thanks to . Hence, 。

对比选择型

  Though being a little exaggerating, the cartoon illuminates a serious fact that , and for that matter, . A recent report also supported this view by . On the contrary, we are sad to perceive that 。

这类作文多为提纲式作文,为议论文体裁。首先要论述相反的两个观点,或分析评论某一社会现象的优缺点,然后给出自己的见解和看法。

  Therefore, in my opinion, it is already high time for the whole world to form a solid cooperation fighting against , because not a single government or person can be exempt from its harm. A series of down-to-earth measures need to be urgently implemented to control 。

写作模式

  功能II:论证观点

第一段论述一些人对某一事物或现象的看法;

  这种类型的文章主要分析论证一些具体的观点。一般情况下三段的分布为:第一段描述图画内容,第二段提出观点、进行理论分析和事例分析,第三段总结观点、表明态度。

第二段论述另一些人对此事物或现象的不同看法;

  5、情感类

第三段表明自己的观点并给出理由。

  As is shown in the picture above, . Obviously from we can surmise that 。

高分模板

  It goes without saying that the primary purpose of the picture lies in eulogizing the practice of . As a matter of fact, it is not rare to find in our everyday life deeds of similar nature. For instance, . Additionally, we can also hear many stories about . Not to mention those moving cases of 。

① It is widely accepted that ______. ② What’s more, ______. ③ However, ______.

  All in all, I firmly believe that a harmonious society is based on a . By , people not only harvest , but also gain that can never be purchased via money。

④ On the one hand, some people hold the view that ______. ⑤ On the other hand, a great many people insist that _______.

  6、人生价值类

⑥ From my perspective, however, ______. ⑦ Therefore, ______.

  As the old Chinese saying goes, . It echoes with this picture in which . The title of the picture further points out that 。

① 紧扣题目论点,引出相关话题。

  The picture is meant to . As far as I am concerned, I think . This universal truth can be particularly proved in the field of , where 。

② 论述一些人对某一事物或现象的看法。

  A brief survey of history about also demonstrates the fundamental importance of . , for example, . The same principle applies to common people as well, and I am sure everybody can benefit from 。

③ 用However转折,引出不同的观点。

  功能III:阐述现象

④⑤ 具体阐述两种观点,论述条理清晰,内容充实。

  这种类型的文章主要描述一些现象并具体分析解释现象的原因等。一般情况下三段的分布为:第一段描述图画内容,第二段分析该现象的原因、意义等,第三段总结观点、或提出建议。

⑥ 表述自己的观点。

  7、文化交流类

⑦ 得出结论。

  It is a very eye-catching photo in which . What makes this picture extraordinary is , which clearly indicates 。

观点论证型

  The sense of that permeates this picture is representative of , that is, , and therefore, . China, in particular, . The effect of such communication can be best exemplified by 。

这类作文多为提纲式的议论文或看图作文,通常是围绕某一事物或观点进行论证,有时以某个热点话题或某种现象为讨论对象,要求考生提出自己的看法或观点,并提供论据加以论证,也可在文章最后给出建议或期望。

  While people belong to nations, cultures know no boundary. is not only featured by , but more importantly, by . I firmly believe that is contributing, and will contribute more to the world’s peace, development, and prosperity. (参见范文1)

写作模式

  8、教育类

第一段引出话题,表明观点;

  As the title indicates, “ ”, the set of pictures apparently reminds us that . It is discern able that 。

第二段给出论据,论证观点;

  The drawing virtually reminds its audience a widespread phenomenon existing negatively in the area of basic education in China, that is, . That is to say, . Such a practice is very harmful in terms of the following aspects. Firstly, . Secondly, . Last but not the least, 。

第三段提出建议或总结观点。

  In my point of view, , but it is only part of the picture. On the other hand, . Therefore, it is an urgent task to . As children are the future of our nation, creating a good environment for their upbringing means creating a bright and promising future for our nation。

高分模板

  9、家庭关系类

① It is not an uncommon social phenomenon that ______. ② For example, ______.

  The cartoon reveals a very thought-provoking scene. The artist purposefully exaggerates . This picture reveals the in-depth problem of 。

③ As to this issue, opinions vary from person to person. ④ Some people hold that ______. ⑤ But others maintain that _______.

  In fact, . There are two reasons for this. The first and perhaps most important is that . The other reason is more serious from a practical point of view. . It owes to 。

⑥ As far as I am concerned, ______. ⑦ On the one hand, ______. ⑧ On the other hand, ______. ⑨ In a word, ______.

  In my point of view, the trend goes quite against the genuine and original purpose of our . What I want to emphasize by the above analysis is that, . Therefore, I strongly contend that 。

① 开门见山,描述现象。

  10、社会热点类

② 举例说明。

  The two pictures illustrate vividly . In the left picture , while in the right 。

③ 引出人们对该现象的观点。

  From the two pictures we can sense a crazy tendency of . Aside from , another telling example is , which was so successful in that . The pictures also make it obvious that we should 。

④⑤ 列举人们对该现象的不同观点。

  Admittedly, it is natural that . Nevertheless, it is the responsibility of our government and society to . In my opinion, what’s the more important is to . In short, 。

⑥ 引出自己对该现象的看法。

  功能IV:对比论证

⑦⑧ 具体说明自己对该现象的看法。

  这类功能具体是针对那些要求比较不同事物或者同一事物的不同方面的文章。一般情况下三段的分布为:第一段描述图画内容、提出问题,第二段列举和分析对于该问题的不同看法和观点、进行对比和比较,第三段阐明自己的观点和看法。

⑨ 对全文进行总结。

  According to the two pictures presented, it can be observed that. In the left picture, . A the same time, as the right one shows. Different people have different views on 。

如果是看图作文,可以参考以下模板:

  Some people support by claiming that . In their opinion, . In addition, . Meanwhile, there are some people, especially young men, who . Their reasons are quite different, sometimes for , sometimes for , sometimes simply for 。

① As is portrayed in the picture, ______. ② Actually, recent years have witnessed an increasing trend of ______.

  In my point of view, both sides are partly right. To thoroughly analyze this problem, we should take into consideration of all relevant aspects, so as to make the right decision. Therefore, my conclusion would be that 。

③ This ______ has inevitably brought about some ______ effects. ④ Anyway, ______.

  需要说明的是,以上分类并不是具有绝对意义的,譬如一些身体健康类的话题也可能适合以论证观点的短文模板来套用,这里所做的分类指大致的分类和适用范围。

⑤ However, ______. ⑥ Therefore, people should become fully aware of both sides of ______.

① 开门见山,描述图画。

② 从对图片的描述引出要谈论的话题。

③ 分析这一现象造成的某一方面的影响。

④ 对本段进行小结。

⑤ 使用过渡词转换话题,开始描述这一现象对其他方面的影响。

⑥ 对全文进行总结或提出建议。

问题解决型

这类作文一般为提纲式作文,且多为说明文。通常先提出一个有待解决的问题,然后要求考生就该问题提出解决方法、途径,有时还要求考生在最后谈论适合自己的方法。

写作模式

第一段描述现象,提出问题;

第二段提出解决问题的方法、途径;

第三段提出自己的建议。

高分模板

① As is known to all, ______. ② However, ______. ③ The cases of ______.

④ Therefore, ______. ⑤ Firstly, ______. ⑥ Secondly, ______. ⑦ Thirdly, ______.

⑧ As far as I’m concerned, ______.

① 紧扣题目论点,提出问题。

② 进一步说明该问题。

③ 举例论证,充实内容。

④ 过渡到论述应采取的措施。

⑤⑥⑦ 运用结构衔接词具体阐述应采取的措施。

⑧ 提出自己的观点。

常用写作句式

1. 用于描写漫画、图表的常用句型

① As the graph depicts,…

② From the picture we can see that…

③ According to the statistics shown in the first/second graph,…

④ The table shows/indicates/reveals that…

⑤ It can be seen/concluded from the picture/table/figures that…

2. 用于句首提出论点或现象的句型

① Recently,…has become the focus of society.

②…has been playing an increasingly important role in our daily life.

③ Nowadays, there is a growing concern for…

④ Nowadays, it is common to hear/see…

⑤…has become a common occurrence in our daily life.

⑥ Nowadays, more and more people are beginning to be aware of theseriousness of…

⑦ It is only during the last/past few years that men have becomegenerally aware that…

⑧ There is an old/a popular saying/proverb that says/goes…

⑨ In recent years, there is a general tendency…

⑩ Nowadays,…has become a problem we have to face.

3. 用于比较、阐述不同观点的常用句型

① Some people like/prefer…, while othersfeel/are inclined to…

② There are different opinions among people as to…

③ Some people claim that…is superior to… Others,however, disagree with it.

④ Some people believe that… Others maintainthat… Still others claim that…

⑤ Some people suggest… Others, however, hold the opposite opinion.

⑥ On the one hand, people tend to… On the other hand,they feel…

⑦ Some people argue that… Others, incontrast, believe that…

⑧ Although more and more people come to believe that…, there arestill others who insist that…

⑨ On the contrary, there are people in favor of…

⑩ There are some people who hold different opinions about…

4. 用于陈述个人观点的句型

① My own experience tells me that…

② In my opinion, we should attach more importance to…

③ As for my own idea about…, I believe…

④ As far as I am concerned, I plan to…

⑤ Personally, I prefer…

⑥ In my view, both sides are partly right in that…

⑦ But for me, I would rather…

⑧ My point of view is that…

⑨ In conclusion, I support the statement that…

⑩ As for me, I tend to choose…

5. 用于结尾的常用句型

① From what has been discussed/mentioned above, we may conclude that…

② Therefore, it is not difficult to draw/come to the conclusion that…

③ It is high time that something was done about…

④ From all the reasons/considerations above, it isevident/clear/obvious that…

⑤ Taking all these factors into account, we may reach the conclusionthat…

⑥ Given the reasons I have just outlined/discussed/presented, Istrongly recommend that…


具体各种作文句式前面的文章有介绍,可戳蓝色字体浏览:你想要的作文句式都在这!

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